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and its consequences." (champagne popping and yelling) in the 1950's, psychoanalysis washed over popular culture. there was an obsession with psychoanalysis, and with the meaning of psychoanalysis. psychoanalysis taught us that under the surface of life, particularly domestic life, lay a whole set of unruly, chaotic, dark feelings, tension and dark, dirty little secrets. and now at the same time, billy wilder is making movies. and i think this is important in terms of staying power. (peter bogdonavich) i think, certainly, pictures in the 50's and 60's are satirical examinations of the various archetypes. look how she moves! that's just like jell-o on springs. must have some sort of built-in motor or something. i tell you, it's a whole different sex! wilder's "some like it hot" may be the most important romantic comedy of the 50's. it was the most commercially successful, but it was also the sharpest in the way that it dealt with the way men and women treat each other. have you tried american girls? why? was that anything? thanks just the same. you should see a doctor, a good doctor. oh,
now!" the u.s. ambassador to libya has been killed along with three other embassy staff after protesters stormed a consular building, denouncing an american made film insulting the prophet mohammed. secrets and lies in the terror wars. and look how the bush white house was deaf to warnings ahead of the 9/11 attacks. >> one of the things that was most surprising to me during their years of reporting on this was the number of elements of the story that were advanced by governments around the world that ended up not being true. >> kurt eichenwald on his boat "500 days." and a whistleblower once jailed after revealing how ubs had helped americans evade taxes. >> today is a great day for whistleblowers, a great day for all the honest americans out there who work their job, pay their taxes, and today is a great day for tax fairness. today is a terrible day for big- time tax cheats. >> all of that and more coming up. this is "democracy now!," democracynow.org, the war and peace report. i'm amy goodman. the u.s. ambassador to libya and three embassy staffers have been killed in an att
cinema box office. (narrator) in the mid-30's, the national recovery act was declared unconstitutional but it took until 1948 for the supreme court to finally put its nail in the system's coffin. it ordered the majors to sell their cinemas and function as distribution and production companies only. the classic studio era was over. paramount was the first to consent and as a result, its profits dropped from $20 million to $6 million in one year. the studios were so efficient that it was an oligarchy and the government came in and said, "no, no." it was much more efficient when the studios made movies, distributed the movies, and exhibited the movies. that ended in 1948 with the paramount decree. no more theatre holdings, no more cash flow, can't pay the overhead. (thomas schatz) you can't maintain and run the factory. when you own theatres, you knew that you had a seller. that a picture would go in and do so much money and you could depend on that. now without the theatres, you didn't have that insurance. so there was a tendency to cut back on production. when you cut back on production
. the late 1900s saw the reemergence of east asia as a world political, economic and cultural force. nearly 1.3 billion people reside in the region's largest country, china. the province of guangdong is on china's southern coast. this area has sustained extraordinary growth in recent decades, thriving as a base of manufacture for a global economy. advancements in communication and transportation facilitate globalization. containerized shipping is a cost-effective means of transporting a variety of goods. guangdong's relative location to hong kong's ports and financial infrastructure is key to determining its position at the epicenter of chinese economic development. through guangdong, we see the forces of globalization at work in the pearl river delta and beyond. many observers argue the costs and benefits, but few dispute that globalization is the most profound reorganization of the world since the industrial revolution. the driving force of globalization is economic, and at the core of the global economy is the global production system. du neng ji makes nike shoes-- one of tens of thousands
's fastest-growing cities. it was a thriving, bustling hub. in the 1860s, it was pulling immigrants in from ireland, through the potato famines. it had been pulling people in from wales, from scotland. people from all over europe were beginning to come to this honeypot. it's more like a gold-mining town, in effect, than a port city. but it grew rapidly. its population charts just show its rocketing, spiraling growth-- people drawn, in the boom of capitalism, to jobs. narrator: for almost half a ceury, liverpool maintained its position as one of the most important harbors for britain and europe. but in the 1950s things started to change. man: one of the first things that began to happen in the postwar period was that the traditional trade of britain, with its empire, began to decline, but by the 1960s, things were changing very dramatically. narrator: just as the empire was collapsing, the rest of europe was challenging england. liverpool was even more marginal. by the 1970s, thousands of people had lost their jobs. ♪ well, i ain't got no money, ain't got no job ♪ ♪ lord, i could do wi
, and the other half is spread throughout the u.s. and canada. and my work is informed by these two traditions. i draw from u.s. and latin american literature, art, and pop culture. and in this sense, my aesthetics are aesthetics of fusion and juxtaposition. i juxtapose high and low culture, politics and art, religion and sexuality, english and español. [ speaking spanish ] [ rooster crows ] in the installation, we have eight velvet paintings representing other saintly idols. and underneath each painting, we have a small table with symbolic objects. these objects are part of our personal pop archaeology that represents the meeting of two or more cultures, like bart sanchez, the mexican cousin of bart simpson wearing a poncho. and then the wonderful iguana clay hamburger, which is a classic from 1960's tijuana tourist art. roberto and i were completely unaware of the pandora box we were about to open. [ rock music plays ] partly due to the profound spiritual and cultural crisis afflicting u.s. society, and partly perhaps because of america's obsession with public confession, people expressed thei
) in the mid-30's, the national recovery act was declared unconstitutional but it took until 1948 for the supreme court to finally put its nail in the system's coffin. it ordered the majors to sell their cinemas and function as distribution and production companies only. the classic studio era was over. paramount was the first to consent and as a result, its profits dropped from $20 million to $6 million in one year. the studios were so efficient that it was an oligarchy and the government came in and said, "no, no." it was much more efficient when the studios made movies, distributed the movies, and exhibited the movies. that ended in 1948 with the paramount decree. no more theatre holdings, no more cash flow, can't pay the overhead. (thomas schatz) you can't maintain and run the factory. when you own theatres, you knew that you had a seller. that a picture would go in and do so much money and you could depend on that. now without the theatres, you didn't have that insurance. so there was a tendency to cut back on production. when you cut back on production then you cut back on y
trying for many years, this region finally obtained relative autonomy in the late 1970s. ( man speaking spanish ) translator: yes, the 1978 constitution introduced the possibility of autonomous regions in spain. since that time, we have campaigned so that andalucía itself could also benefit from this type of regional power. now we can see the results. at the start of autonomy, there were 82 kilometers of toll-paying motorways in this region. now there are 1,500 kilometers, and they are toll-free. the first joint state-region urbanist project happened here. in short, the fact is that politics always manifests itself in a modification of the landscape. narration: this landscape in motril was drastically modified two decades ago. before that, this coastal plain was sand, palm trees and tourist homes. today, thousands of migrants from spain's interior have colonized this ancient desert and make a living beneath a sea of plastic. ( speaking spanish ) translator: could you explain to me the principle of this type of farming? ( man speaking spanish ) translator: well, it's simple: there is 20
of a planned economy, beijing invited limited foreign investments in the 1980s. they wanted to spread the wealth around, so they chose locations based onultural connections and geography. from hong kong, then still british, adjacent guangdong was the natural place to invest. taiwan businesses preferred fujian. shanghai was passed over, in part because the communists feared its history, power and foreign influences. its fate changed when shanghai politicians ascended in beijing and designated their city a special economic zone in 1991. since then, shanghai has capitalized on its international legacy. ( man speaking mandarin ) translator: shanghai is the place where there has been a mixing of western culture with that of the east. shanghai has absorbed the best aspects of the cultures from around the world. woman: shanghai is what we call a learning location. it's where companies... foreign companies come to lrn howo do businessinhi, and it's where the chineseearn how do you do ithwest--me what aspects of each system can we meld gether to make it a pce whereneseearn how do you do ithw
's methods of birth control rarely fail. daniel mishell: well when i was in training in the 1950's, the only contraceptives available were the barrier methods, the condom and the diaphragm. the barrier methods frequently failed and abortion was not legal and there were a large number of unwanted births before oral contraceptives became available. oral contraceptives first came on the market in the 1960's. daniel mishell: that was a huge advance, enabling or empowering women to control their time of reproduction and have more pregnancies planned. and about 80% of u.s. women use oral contraceptives at some time in their lifetime, but most of them stop using it after a year or two to either have another child or concern about side effects. but now we have data on long-term use of oral contraceptives and there appears to be no harm for women to continue to take them through their-- throughout their reproductive life. in addition to providing an effective form of birth control, the pill has other benefits. robert hatcher: after ten years of pill use, it has an 80% of protective effect against ova
march, president ulysses s. grant signed it into law. yellowstone officially became the first national park of the united states of america. the significance of preserving this vast and remote tract of land was profound. the nation, not yet a century old, was still seeking its own cultural and national identity. of the american landscape were now promoted as the country's unique heritage. the new york herald wrot "their beauty, their splendor, their extraordinary and sometimes terrible manifestations of nature form a series of attractions possessed by no other nation." three months later, moran's "the grand canyon of the yellowstone" was bought by the federal government for $10,000. the painting was hung in the u.s. capitol, a triumph for moran. soon after, he began signing his work with the monogram "t.y.m." for thomas "yellowsto" moran. yellowstone remained a source of inspiration throughout moran's career. in 1892, the artist returned to the park to create new paintings of its wonders. by this time, yellowstone was a popular tourist attraction. the idea of the national park, suggest
who spent his lifetime gathering data about the planets. and back in the 1700s, kepler found some very, very interesting things. first of all, kepler found out that the planets go around the sun, not in circles, but in what? ellipses and i can draw an ellipse for you, gang. an ellipse can be constructed as such. i wish i knew this when i was in high school in wood shop when i had to make a coffee table and i made an elliptical type coffee table and i thought i was very clever because what i did is i drew one quadrant of an ellipse on newspaper and cut it out and then folded it over, traced it, folded it over, traced it, folded it over, traced it and i thought i had what was a nice ellipse. if i had known about this, i would have had a better coffee table. i can construct an ellipse very simply, watch this. and turn the string around, gang. you kinda get the idea. that is an ellipse. an ellipse is a path whereby the distance at any point, like out here, the distance from here to here plus the distance from here to here is a constant. that's the definition of ellipse. take a math class,
as civilization itself, it wasn't until the early 1970s, that it was finally named a public health problem. looking at violence from a health or public health perspective has been very helpful, both because it means one looks at those factors that lead to and contribute to violence-- factors that you can do something about, preventively or even in a treatment sense, but it also tends to decriminalize things so that you can approach communities from a non-judicial, non-police point of view, and that is often that is often more acceptable for communities. communities are able then to undertake things. in a one year period in the early 1980s, dozens of african american children were abducted and murdered in georgia. alarmed, and determined to help, jennie trotter began working towards violence prevention in her community. jennie trotter: i became aware of communities that had very little resources. i mean, in fact, none. as a result, these kids were very idle, getting involved in juvenile delinquency and just nothing going on in the community, so it became the community program... we were abl
the rhine, it came under french influence. the franco-prussian war in the 1870s, however, was partly driven by german efforts to expand to the west bank of the rhine-- that's where strasbourg sits. so it became formally a part of germany at that time. and then in the 20th century, it's fallen back under french control. those original cultural and linguistic ties with germany are still there, so you have a dialect that is a germanic dialect, but it's now, of course, formally a part of france. and this particular and special situation gives it a bifurcated identity, which is really sort of special for a city of its sort. narrator: as the capital of france's alsace region, strasbourg's combination of cultures is one of its strengths. ( speaking french ) translator: we are fortunate, some would say, to be the fruit of a mixed marriage-- a marriage between a so-called "germanic" culture and a latin culture. this is alsace. narrator: you can see this dual history in the architecture here. strasbourg is german in its 16th-century timber-framed houses. strasbourg is french in the ordered lines of t
submarines in the 1920s, echo sounding devices emit a pulse of sound toward the ocean bottom, recording the time it takes for that sound to bounce off the bottom and back to the device. by converting echo time into water depth, echo sounding devices draw a 2-dimensional profile of the ocean floor beneath the research vessel. in recent years, however, marine geologist have employed more sophisticated acoustical techniques to map the topography of the sea floor. these robotically controlled imaging devices can map and area of the ocean floor tens of kilometers wide in a single pass. this 3-dimensional view of the ocean bottom can be clearer, more detailed, and even more valuable than the ocean floor view from the window of a research submersible. one such imaging device is currently being used to map the territorial waters of the united states. in 1983, the federal government expanded this region to include all terrain within 200 miles of american shores. the u.s. geological survey was assigned the task of mapping this enormous new acquisition for possible future development of resources.
that happens is accessibility to stars grows. as you move into the 50's, and the studios are collapsing, you have stars not being protected by the machinery of the studio any longer. they're out on the streets, they're getting interviews that aren't controlled, television is picking them up and showing them to you, so they become more known for who they really are. their private life was another role they were playing. (narrator) when lana turner's daughter stabbed her mother's lover, the public was avid for the lurid details of a star career seemingly in trouble. what they saw televised was tour-de-force performance. i said, don't, don't ever touch me again... i'm... i'm absolutely finished, this is the end... and i want you to get out. and after i said that, i was walking towards the door, and he was right behind me, and i opened it... (john waters) with a million photographers, and she's on the stand, she is lana turner. you can't not be lana turner when you're lana turner. it was effective testimony; cheryl got off. it was so fast... i, i truthfully thought she had hit him in the stomach
to gauguin. now in his early 40s, he wrote to his wife: reader: (gauguin): may the day come -- soon, perhaps -- when i'll flee to the woods on an island in oceania, there to live on ecstasy, calm, and art. there, in tahiti, in the silence of the beautiful tropical nights, i will be able to listen to the soft, murmuring music of the movements of my heart in amorous harmony with the mysterious beings around me. free at last, without financial worries and able to love, sing, and die. narrator: gauguin landed in papeete, the tahitian capital. he arrived wearing a hat he'd picked up at buffalo bill's wild west show. but the tahiti gauguin encountered in 1891 had changed drastically from the tahiti described so rapturously by 18th-century explorers. far from france, it was also far from paradise. now a french colony, life there had been transformed by bureaucrats and missionaries -- and by the european scourges of small pox, influenza, and alcoholism. within days, gauguin's illusions about papeete were stripped away. reader (gauguin): tahiti is becoming completely french. little by little, all the
teeming with game evoked in thesebronze s. apollo, the god of learning, still brought light to the world -as a roman lamp stand. alexander the great, once master of the world, was commemorated in a bronze statuette. the powerful hercules became a garden ornament. the elite built substantial art collections. they also ordered reproductions of greek works that appealed to them. several examples of the three graces were unearthed at pompeii, suggesting a single prototype offered by workshops on the bay of naples. the daughters of zeus represent plenty, joy, and beauty. that image continued to appeal to artists and connoisseurs through the ages. the works of art they commissioned -either for their own collections or for display in public places - were in a variety of styles. some were in the naturalistic classical style that prevailed in greece from the mid-5th century b.c. onward. the drapery falls in natural folds, clinging to the body to show an understanding of human anatomy. older styles were also popular. a marble statue of artemis displays the roman ability to recall the archaic styli
. (narrator) "dances with wolves" is a story of a u.s. cavalry officer whose encounter with indians leads him to question his allegiance to his own culture. (rudy wurlizter) the whole myth of the west is that you can go out to some place and you can invent yourself. the western hero represented somebody who took advantage of this chance and could make something of it. and that could reinvent his life. so that he could go out and become a hero, not from what he was, but something totally different something totally new. (narrator) kevin costner's character emerges as a hero, but in a most unconventional situation. the audience cheers the indians as they defeat the cavalry. (lindsay anderson) the western hero symbolizes the man of honor, the good man, the man of action. and that rule is something that will be eternal in people, wherever they are. whether in america, or in the rest of the world. the kind of western hero i'd devise, doing one today, is probably very much along traditional lines. i'd try something different in the scenario, though, a different approach. (narrator) in 1992, clint e
've carved out a space that's secular through the first amendment to the u.s. constitution, and religion has then been pushed to the side and it's a private affair. so what's going to fill that space? there's no vacuum. so who knows what fills it. susanna, yeah? >> well, it was funny the way they did that, because they did separate it, and yet their allusions to god are right through the bill of rights and the declaration of independence. i mean, it's all theistically based. at the same time, they really, basically wanted to keep any group from being able to persecute any other group. so in that sense, they're separated. but i'm not sure how different it is, and maybe india's a poor example of a country who wants to preserve like its own way in the sense that they had so many languages, so many sects, so many different ways that they were not a strong nation before they had a common language, and it's too bad that it's english, but that was one good contribution that was made. the other, i think, is a kind of hindu, a brand that's more frequently spoken than any other. but when you get down
of having a second episode are about 50%, about a coin toss. beverly: when i got to be early 20s, and i worked at big general hospital in the psych unit, no less, is when i began to really understand that there was something wrong, and that i needed some help. i ended up having a big episode of crying. i mean, i just cried. i cried for three days. i stayed home from work, and i-- you know, i had life problems but they weren't huge. i had a job. it wasn't like i was going to be homeless or that kind of thing. i was just so down all the time. an obviously depressed mood is the most common manifestation of depression-- loss of energy, difficulty functioning on the job, feeling like you can't cope at home, feeling like you just want to withdraw and do nothing. i would go inside myself and feel inside myself, and not talk, not want to watch tv, not want to do anything, and then eventually, i'd go to a sleeping mode; i'd want to sleep a lot. you can't just say to yourself, "snap out of it and get back on your feet." some people with depression can force themselves to get out of bed, but they
,000 for cash claims. sipc. s-i-p... k. [ buzzer ] don't know about sipc, the securities investor protection corporation? that's okay, we can spell it out for you. learn more at www.sipc.org. funding for this program was provided by... joanne hendrick: isn't it wonderful when our day begins with such cheerful smiles and happy faces? and don't we wish it could always be like this? but in order for that to happen, we must remember thatt takes a lot of patience combined with good judgment and warm, nurturing relationships to raise emotionally healthy, comfortable, and cheerful children. of course, some days are going to be better than others and some even worse. it's just a fact. no matter what we do, children are still going to feel sad, afraid, anxious, and angry from time to time. it's all part of growing up and learning to cope with their feelings. hello. i'm joanne hendrick, the author of the whole child and your host for this series. on this program, our focus is emotional health, and our challenge is to learn how to help children cope with their feelings and express them in socially acce
. ♪ the angels up in heaven done signed my name. ♪ i'm a kid of the '60s, so for me, i came to this gospel music not through the church, but really through the movement. i mean, whenever we were in demonstrations, or i'd see demonstrations, there was always music being played. ♪ we shall overcome. (narrator) music has the power to unite people in common cause. it is often able to convey a political message in stronger and more emotional ways than speech. ♪ we shall overcome. in the 1960s during the civil rights and anti-war movements, music became a driving force in the struggle for social change. (seeger) there wasn't a single meeting that didn't have singing. "we shall overcome" was the most famous song, but there were hundreds of others. they'd change over a gospel song, put new words to it. very common technique. it's been done for centuries. "we shall overcome" was originally a fast song. [clapping] ♪ i'll overcome. ♪ i'll overcome someday. ♪ we shall overcome. when you sing "we shall overcome," your shoulders are touching because you're crossing your arms in front of you, and swa
gravel, i smash that down into, begin with an s, ends with and, try it. sand. now, i'd be taking that sand, honey. i take that sledgehammer and i smash that sand down into... - dust. - dust, powder. and i take that sledgehammer and whomp. i smash that dust down to... pebbles. powder, fine dust. fine dust, all right, all right. all right, let's take that fine dust and i smash that down into, begin with c, r, y, s, t, a... crystals. and i take those crystals and i smash those down into... molecules, or begin with "a" and guess what we're gonna be talking about today? atoms, all right. now, i take those atoms and i smash those down. can i break the atom down to perhaps finer still. the answer, begin with a "y", end with a "p". - what is the answer? - yup. yup can do, okay. but i'll tell you what, when you get down to the atom, you're down to the elemental building block of matter. turns out the atom can be divided too. but if you take matter, like a hunk of gold, and break it down... you're finally down to one gold atom. take a bar of aluminum. break it down, you'll come to one atom
of cairo extinguished with him. stranger still, at the same instant in england, s dog gave a terrifying howl and died. then georges benedite, the head of egyptian antiquities at the louvre museum, died of a stroke after leaving a tomb. still another death occurred-- that of arthur c. mace from the metropolitan museum in new york, who was assisting carter. the bizarre events surrounding the opening of tutankhamun's tomb appear today to have been merely coincidental. the unextinguishable legend of the mummy's curse had begun. who was this king? what was he like? what did he achieve in a life lived 34 centuries ago? we don't know for sure. all we have are images. even with its discovery, the tomb still refuses to yield many of its secrets. we know only that the young boy king, tutankhamun, grew up during one of the most turbulent periods in egypt's long history. it was a time when the stability of egypt had been wracked by a religious and political revolution that for the first time in history eliminated all gods but one: aten, the sun. the precipitator of the crisis was the pharaoh akhena
, folks feel very comfortable that this problem was addressed and successfully licked back in the 80's and that it's something we can move on away from at this point. and that is absolutely not the case. smoking also increases the risk of premature delivery and low birth weight. in fact, babies whose mothers smoke are at greater risk for sudden infant death syndrome. calvin john hobel: sometimes it's hard to look at just the effect of smoking by itself, because smoking women have other habits that compound the effect of smoking. for example, nutrition. women who smoke tend to have poor nutrition. they may also be the person who's not taking their vitamins so they have a folic acid deficiency. so when you combine poor nutrition and not taking adequate vitamins, then in combination, that can lead to more serious problems. women often become more health conscious when they become pregnant. and that often translates into a more healthy diet. women aren't "eating for two," as the old saying goes. they only need a few more calories. but they do need to eat well. undernourished pregnant women
are maybe at rest, we're going around them? in fact, what's the nearest star? begins with an s. you are now-- let me tell you. begins with a s, ends with a n, got a u in the middle, try it. sun. sun. very good, okay. that's the sun. the sun is the nearest star, okay? and we go around, around, around the sun, is that true? but it was one time thought that's not the case. and one of the arguments that was advanced to show that the earth really is at rest and not the other way around is the following: consider a bird at the top of a tree, and down below there's a juicy worm just coming up to the ground. and the bird is up at the top and looks down and sees the worm. now, we know from experience that's its possible for that bird to drop from the tree, come down, catch the worm and fly back up. true? and it was stated as such. it was calculated how fast the world would have to be moving, even turning around like around, around, around, like day, night, day, night, day, night. it's about at this latitude something like 800 miles an hour, 800 or 900 miles an hour. okay? now, during the time that t
to the u.s. in 1977. since 1989, however, she's worked closely with poland's parliament developing the framework for political and economic reform. when you want to sometimes to achieve something and bring everybody together, and you want it with all the democratic notion of getting the ownership, well, you need to spread this around. you need to kind of bring the communities together, the little places together. so these are the most important people-- for me, the people in the small village are the most important people. yes, the politicians in warsaw make the decisions. but, actually, these people in the small village are going to need to eventually stand up and say those decisions are wrong and we need to change them. narrator: regulska's concern for the little places is not nostalgic but geographic. the bulk of poland's population lives in the small towns and villages, not in the more-democratized cities. rejection of democracy in these regions, then, could jeopardize the people's freedom. as a geographer, regulska knows that diffusion of democracy will depend on the barriers
grades. that bad, huh ? - don't worry. 's only a passing phase. - he'll geover it. - t when ? don't ow if i can le that long. - hasn't he got a birthday coming soon - next month. he'lle 14. fourteen ? he's practically man. at 14 i was workg in my father's shop. would you like me to finm a jo? e on thing i want is for himo finishchool without failing. finished my deliveries mr. asv. do you want me to do anythilse fore i go home ? i can't lievi'm hearing this. hat's the tter with you, henry ? oh, i was justondering if i can be of help. - esn't sound li the hry i know. - hey, i'm feeling good, okay ? does this ha anyth to do withour date last saturday ? - it might. - well, i'm glad one of us has a love life. congratulations, henry. what's the young lady's name ? oh, sara. she's in my social studies class. theyenbowling saturday night that's what i call a h date. meaningful relatnships have started with a lot less. my goodness. how serious is this ? it isn't serious. we're just startinto get to know one another. that's thepirit, henry. don'ru into any
with s, ends with turn. do you know what it is gang? saturn, that's right and the other one is uranus, neptune, okay. rings, moons that have gotten too close and just simply got ripped apart, they are whole lot of boulders and they're just all spinning around. that's what they are. tidal forces can be enormous when you are very, very close to something because the difference in pull between near and far might be greater than the force with which everything is held together with. makes sense? so tidal forces don't occur too much for long, long distances but for short distances where the difference in pulls is a lot, the tidal forces can be enormous. we don't get the same depth of tide every day. some days, the tide is higher and lower than others and the reason for that is because both the moon and the sun are pulling at the same time. you see, if i have the moon pulling here and i have the sun out here pulling in the same direction, that's going to make these bulges even more. the sun contributes about 1/4 as much influence as the moon. i mean, it's still as big, okay? so when they're
of them were explored in the 1890s by an archaeologist named gordon. and in some of them he found what he thought was very early pottery and some human skeletons. widmer: well, here it is. storey: yeah. widmer: it's a little bigger than i thought it would be. storey: it sure is. widmer: okay, here's the entrance. i'll tell you what, rebecca -- i'll go in first. you can hand the lantern down to me. storey: that's a good idea. yeah. go ahead. widmer: it's not as tight as it looks, but it does go down. keach: storey and widmer reach the first small chamber. gordon reported that he found the bones and pots in a second chamber beyond this one. storey: looks like a tighter fit than the other one. widmer: oh, yeah, it is. storey: looks longer, too. widmer: yeah, but i can see the bottom. don't see any bats. well, i'm standing in gordon's test pit. storey: human bone. there is human bone here, yes. keach: the cave floor is made of limestone and decomposed bat guano. that's the reason for the masks. the dry soil has preserved the bones for 3,000 years or more. storey: good place to put a pit. let'
. i think of kansas's old song from the '70s or '80s, whenever it was, "dust in the wind," "we're all dust in the wind." that's the kind of an idea, because when you stand by the pyramids, and after you've been through the museum, you see the wealth, the intensity, the grandeur, but there's just dust, coming off the pyramids, just blowing by you. and that's what, for me, was - that's what brought the awe out, and from that, the inspiration came to do the little piece on it in this section of the course. let me just finish up our process here, and then i've got to go back to your good question, barbara about do we need religion - does it have to be religion - i want to move into that direction. we have a couple of very interesting, a little bit lighter interviews along those lines. but here's, just to run down the steps again, we have self-consciousness, we identify with the other, we compete with the boundary questions - not compete so much but work with and have to make sense of them; rites of passage generate those questions, as we've seen - and now can we then as step four talk abo
, hotshot lawyer down in los angeles, and he's's on wilshire boulevard one morning, driving his old chevrolet, and he sees the car in front of him is a partner in his law firm, and it's a mercedes, and he's stuck in traffic, and he's just thinking, "okay, so i'm going to put 20, 30 years of my life into this effort being a lawyer, so that i can be stuck in traffic 30 years later in a fancier car? that's what i do? he quit the next day he turned in his papers and he went and became a monk. so something is happening, and that's why i wanted to bring this into the experiential dimension. sure. >> the question i have, they are living by themselves in a very enclosed, capsulated world and becoming satisfied religiously and spiritually within themselves, and yet he's talking about the branches and the roots reaching out to touch others. how does he do that if he stays within those walls? >> i have heard that - >> i would like to understand that. if everybody stayed enclosed and capsulated, how's it going to spread? >> i've got a story on this one, but it's the premier question for a class
is that life goes on in there, and people who work in - the b.a.'s, the people who run them, have no idea - no idea of the linkages between and among the people who live there, how they look out for each other. now it's a murder mystery that happens in there - it's a great story. >> you see that? that's what i'm talking about, that we have these mental concepts that block out the flow of life. let me just quickly go through the eightfold path. yeah, just real quickly, we'll just blow right on through that, folks. but to give you some idea, first off, because the buddha has - you talked about a hosospital; dare we say a therapy? you got this illness because you're constantly thinking you're the center of the universe - well, here's the therapy. and it just cracks me up that this guy's putting all this out 2,500 years ago, and when we go through this, i'm just going to paint it in - i don't need to be sacrilegious, if we're even talking about a religion at this point - but to just paint it in a more pop way, because you can see the kinds of things he's saying - if we applied even a few of t
- jz did tour the country in the early '80s, and there was quite a number of people that responded at that time. when the school started, it started with - i'm not sure of the numbers - but it remained pretty consistent at about 3,000 people. >> immediately they drew that many? >> i think it probably started with about 1,500, just from people that had been going over the years and wanted to get into a more rigorous training. i know i did. i mean, i was asking him, "when are we going to learn these things you've been talking about?" and so he started the school with a core of committed people. there's a core and then there's those other people that want to come because they're curious and they want to see what their friends are doing. but i think that there was a real strong core of committed people that really wanted to do this, and at a time when it wasn't popular either - i mean, when people that really wanted to do careers and have relationships. i mean, they had to make this the most important thing to really make it work, and of course the fruits can be seen now. does that ans
brokerage customer claims up to a maximum of $500,000, including up to $100,000 for cash claims. sipc. s-i-p... k. [ buzzer ] don't know about sipc, the securities investor protection corporation? that's okay, we can spell it out for you. learn more at www.sipc.org. funding for this program was provided by... ng etingil is wesowio mast ncns. wdu tamntresst esr f shld you p if proemchil cla wdu tamntresst inat h esr bend our rch pe utwn vesch i joae herick, thlis ofommu wh anis there' denng theare a powerful and significant pres in our work. in this program, we're going to look at the importance of maintaining stable and quality relationships with our children's families. we'll discuss what we can do to keep the lines of communication open between school and home. but we won't do it alone. we'll talk with parents and teachers from a number of different early childhood programs-- family daycare homes, head start, university-based lab schools, and private child care centers-- and we'll learn all about their firsthand experiences of dealing with and responding to the needs of children and th
, as a whole, and get some idea of the size and number of people that lived here. keach: during the 1960s, archaeologists surveyed the entire city, revealing an urban grid as deliberate as the streets of manhattan. a total of 2,600 buildings lined densely packed streets. 80% of these were residential compounds. these compounds enclosed numerous sleeping rooms, patios and kitchens. archaeologists estimate that 30 to 100 people could be housed in a single compound. were these like modern apartment buildings, where strangers lived together by chance ? or was there a thread of kinship connecting the residents of these large compounds ? what clues were left behind of teotihuacan's families ? archaeologist michael spence. we usually bury in cemeteries set apart from the places where the people lived. that makes it difficult to tie them ba into their living quarters. in teotihuacan, fortunately, the people were buried within the apartment compound. some of them were buried in open spaces like patios. these would have been particularly important individuals. but many of them were buried under the
in a pivotal position in the course of drama is ibsen's peer gynt. ibsen wrote peer gynt in the late 1860s as an epic poem not intended for the stage. some years later, he decided to have it staged and commissioned edvard grieg to write the music for it. [music] ibsen developed the poetic epic play on an actual character in norwegian folklore who had lived about 100 years earlier. the setting is strongly norwegian: brooding skies, mountain and valley, fjord and forest. in peer gynt, ibsen weaves folktale and fantasy, developing a new picture of emerging man and the problem of heroism in the modern age. peer, like other great literary epic heroes such as beowulf, siegfried, roland and faust, reflects a universal human condition: the search for identity and the mortal consequences of his actions. but peer is a more complex and introspective hero. while on the one hand he is an imaginative storyteller, he is also a liar. though he recognizes the good and the ideal, he consistently opts for evil and compromise. when there is a shipwreck, peer determines that the cook's life is expendable and s
in the 1900s. and when the human race gets up to where there is the two instead of a one, then the human race will be doing things like this, at first a few people and then later, more. all you people have calculators. you get them in your rice krispies box, when you open your cereal. i can remember when calculators first came out, they were so rare and so expensive that at my school in san francisco, we were told, "you can't use a calculator for exams." why? because only the rich ones can have them and that's discriminating against the poor folk, so nobody can use a calculator, they are too expensive, too hard to get. and how about today? like i say in your rice krispies in the morning, there is a calculator, okay? everyone has them. and so today, how many people orbit around the world, a lot or a little? how about tomorrow? i talked to an astronaut type couple of summers ago. and he belongs to a club where to be in that club, you have had to orbit the earth at least once. i thought to myself, must be awfully small club, it's a big club. i forget what it is, it's more than a hundred. you kno
in an idealized maya past -- no wars, no power struggles, no economic turmoil. but in the 1940s, evidence uncovered at magnificent ruins like palenque in northern mexico began to change this notion of a peaceful maya. archaeologists investigated a structure known as the "temple of the inscriptions." the building's upper level seemed imposingly solid. but beneath it, archaeologists discovered a hidden staircase. it had been deliberately blocked with rubble in ancient times. it took three years to clear the debris. a hundred feet down, at the base of the staircase, lay one of the most magnificent maya tombs ever found. at its heart lay a limestone sarcophagus. might these images carved on its surface reveal more about the ancient grave site ? archaeologist peter matthews. in 1952, the hieroglyphics could not be read either in this tomb inscription or anywhere else at palenque, apart from the dates. and it was considered at that stage that most of the burials that were dug up were those of priests. keach: the burial itself was proof of the extraordinary power and wealth of the deceased. the
what happened to the-- what was it? - skylab. - the skylab? skylab back in the 70s, it was in an elliptical orbit, okay, going around, around, around and what happened is there was a lot of solar activity and the atmosphere little bit deeper at times, and they thought, yeah, and this come in and hits a little bit of atmosphere. slows down a tiny, tiny bit, but once it slows down that means it's not gonna go so high next throw, huh? then it comes down, slow down a little bit more. next time up to here and so the orbit decays, because it drags its feet as it comes by and keeps decaying, decaying, decaying and then phoom, splasharoony. if you're going about 20,000 miles per hour and hit the air, guess what happens to you? okay, you get burned up, burned to a crisp. when you see the meteors up there, you know, you see the meteors like there was a meteor shower a few months ago. you know what those meteors are? they call them falling stars, yeah? how big is a falling star on the average? humungous, humungous, humungous or humungous, humungous, humungous, humungous or abo
: i agree with him. amy goodman: that the u.s. is the greatest purveyor of violence. rep. john lewis: we have more- we spend hundreds and thousand, millions and billions of dollars on weaponry. we're supplying the world. we sell arms to everybody. dr. king was saying that we have to put an end to this madness. he was influenced by gandhi, and gandhi said it's nonviolence or nonexistence. dr. king went on to say, "we must learn to live together as brothers and sisters, or we will perish as fools." he was saying, in effect, that we have enough bombs and missiles and guns to destroy the planet. he said it then, and it's still true today. amy goodman: at the time, time magazine called the speech "demagogic slander that sounded like a script for radio hanoi." that's the dr. king 1967 speech against the war in vietnam. the washington post declared king had, quote, "diminished his usefulness to his cause, his country, his people." rep. john lewis: i think it's so unfortunate that publications like time magazine, washington post - if they had to rewrite those articles today, it would be a di
pounds. all my friends weighed more 100. i was in the 90s and was tall as i am now, like a toothpick, man. and i remember-- this is scout's honor-- i remember i used to go into the drugstore and i'd drink milkshakes. i'd do everything i could, you know? and everybody, "how come you're not gaining weight?" god, i'm trying like-- okay, i couldn't do it. and i would go into the drugstore and i would get on a scale and make sure none of my friends are around and put the penny in. [whistles] "oh, 94. will the day ever come? will the day ever come, okay?" well, one time, i'm over a friend's house. and my friend had a bathroom scale in the bathroom. and i was in the bathroom and looked to make sure that no one look 'cause i'm always afraid someone will come by and say, "hey, hewitt, you don't even weigh 100. "hey, everybody, you know what, hewitt here don't weigh 100 yet." i was afraid of that, you know? okay. anyway, one day, i'm at a friend's house, in the bathroom, he's got a scale. and look, there's no one coming. i step up on a scale, there it was, 94, right? and a friend walks in. and i gr
rice in california since the 1920s. we're extremely happy to see brown rice being used in innovative presentations. >> applications like they do at the m cafe in southern california. based on a purely macrobiotic diet, which is one where everything is eaten in balance, and eggs, dairy, sugar, and meat are eaten in moderation, the restaurant is packing them in faster than they can wrap together the hundreds of sushi rolls they prepare daily. up to 40% of their cuisine here is based strictly on koda farms rice. everything from sushi to rice bowls to rice pudding to even their famous big macro veggie burger. >> we're japanese. rice is a huge part of it. because that is our main food we consume every day. and we have researched a lot of different organic rice. and this koda farm rice is absolutely amazing. that's all we use. this is the only brand that i know that's organic and heirloom. and the taste is absolutely amazing. this is the shitake mushroom inari. inside is a brown rice sushi rice. and it's got the tofu pouch. here is the most popular item, which is our organic salmon cucumbe
, not if you're bay area entrepreneur chris mittelstaedt. during the dot com era of the 1990s, chris saw firsthand just how unhealthy workplace dining had become and decided change was in order and it was time to put fruit to work. >> we asked people what they wanted to see most, and they said, gosh, if we could eat something healthy so we could avoid this junk food, that would make our lives a lot better. so my friend and i thought, why not deliver just something as simple as bresh fruit and see how that works? >> to get his grassroots business up and going, chris goes to evy measure, even dressing up like a banana on the streets of san francisco, all to be taken siously. >> hi, would you like a banana today, sir--a free banana from the fruit guys? >> sure. > we deliver fruit to offices, keep employees healthy at work. free banana from the fruit guys? we deliver fruit to offices. >> thank yoe. thank you. >> yeah, grab a banana if you'd like. free banana today? >> a simple concept to some but also a hard sell for some of us. studies show that more than 70% us eat at our desks several tim
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